African Summit on Ophthalmology and Eye
November 18-19, 2019
Johannesburg, South Africa
Theme: Visualizing the Global Advancements in Ophthalmology
Melike Ozgun Gedar
School of Medicine Turkey
Christopher B. Chambers
University of Washington
School of Medicine USA
Becker College USA
Goldschleger Eye Institute,
Shebe Medical Center Israel
The African Summit on Ophthalmology and Eye which is going to be held during November 18-19, 2019 in Johannesburg,South Africa which brings together a unique and international mix of large and medium pharmaceutical, biotech and diagnostic companies, leading universities and clinical research institutions making the conference a perfect platform to share experience, foster collaborations across industry and academia, and evaluate emerging technologies across the globe. Afro-Ophthalmology 2019 maximizes the opportunity to interact with and learn from your peers from across the country and across the globe it held with the discussions on Retina and Retinal Disorders, Cornea and External Eye Disease Neuro-Ophthalmology, Glaucoma: Visual Field Loss, Ocular Microbiology and Immunology, Novel Approaches to Ophthalmology Therapeutics and many more.
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Retinal disorders, optic atrophy, and lesions of the higher visual pathways are the main anatomical causes of visual loss in children. WHO reports that, 285 million people are estimated to be visually impaired worldwide: 39 million are blind and 246 have low vision. About 90% of the world’s visually impaired live in low-income settings 82% of people living with blindness are aged 50 and above. Globally, uncorrected refractive errors are the main cause of moderate and severe visual impairment; cataracts remain the leading cause of blindness in middle- and low-income countries. Many European associations are involved in Ophthalmology and many eye banks are actively promoting the donation of eyes in Europe, addressing a gap in the ophthalmic market, the global ophthalmic market was valued at $10.3 billion in 2010 and is estimated to reach $13.2 billion in 2017.
Why to attend?
With members from around the world focused on learning about clinical ophthalmology, this is the single best opportunity to reach the largest assemblage of participants from the ophthalmology community. Conduct workshops, distribute information, meet with current and potential customers, make a splash with a new product line, and receive name recognition at this 2 days event. World-renowned speakers, the most recent techniques, tactics, and the newest updates in field of ophthalmology are hallmarks of this conference.
- Ophthalmologists, Optometrist
- Ophthalmology Researchers and Scholars
- Ophthalmology Faculty
- Medical Colleges
- Ophthalmology Associations and Societies
- Business Entrepreneurs
- Vision Research Labs
- Software developing companies
- Manufacturing Medical Devices Companies
- Data Management Companies
Sessions & Tracks
On behalf of Scientific Committee we cordially invite you to participate at the African Summit on Ophthalmology and Eye to be held during November 18-19,2019 at Johannesburg,South Africa. The theme of the conference is “Visualizing the global advancements in ophthalmology”.
Track 1: Ophthalmology
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. All evaluations that purport to diagnose eye disease should be carried out by a physician. An ophthalmologist is a doctor of medicine who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye, in addition to diagnosing systemic disease that manifest in eye signs or symptoms.
Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are considered to be both surgical and medical specialists.
Track 2: Clinical Ophthalmology
Clinical Ophthalmology will enhance your knowledge of common ocular diseases, ophthalmic surgical and laser procedures, clinical anatomy and ocular therapeutics. You will develop analytical skills for solving clinical case problems and evaluating published research, and gain valuable research experience through the opportunity.
Track 3: Oculoplastic Surgery
Oculoplastic surgery largely consists of traditional approaches to many of the encountered diseases. Our specialty has well-established methods for most surgeries and we use our good old fashioned surgical instruments, but advances are continuously being made to improve patient outcomes while at the same time abiding by sound surgical and medical principles according to anatomy. These advances are made in both surgical and non-surgical approaches to functional and aesthetic oculoplastic surgery. There has been a lot of excitement in oculoplastic surgery recently. New surgical techniques, many of which are less invasive, new cosmetic tools with particular utility around the eyes, and new team approaches have fueled the excitement. The aging baby boomer population has increased demand for cosmetic procedures; the ability to work outside the traditional insurance system has added momentum to the interest and curiosity of ophthalmologists. Indeed the accreditation given to American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education will ignite the debate over sub-specialty board certification for ophthalmic plastic surgery.
Track 4: Pediatric Ophthalmology
Pediatric ophthalmology is a sub-speciality of ophthalmology concerned with eye diseases, visual development, and vision care in children. The pediatric ophthalmologist has additional training, experience, and expertise in examining children, and has the greatest knowledge of possible conditions that affect the pediatric patient and his/her eyes. Neurologic development of vision occurs up until approximately age 12 years. Misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), uncorrected refractive error (myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism), and asymmetry of refractive error between the two eyes can negatively affect this development. If these conditions are diagnosed and treated early, good vision can develop and can be maintained. Certain diseases elsewhere in the body, such as diabetes, can affect the eyes, and the pediatric ophthalmologist addresses these, as well.
Track 5: Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Right when the eyes lenses get the opportunity to be shady, Cataract evacuation is for the most part supported and in this way Cataract surgery like Cryoextraction is performed. In Cataract surgery, the lens inside the eye that has wound up shady is removed and supplanted with a mimicked lens (called an intraocular lens, or IOL) to restore clear vision. The system routinely is performed on an outpatient start and does not require an overnight stay in a center or other thought office. Most present Cataract surgery integrates the usage of a high-repeat ultrasound device that segregates the cloudy lens into minute pieces, which are then carefully removed from the eye with suction. The up and coming Refractive Surgery Conference may likewise concentrate on Cataract surgery as this is the most broadly recognized eye sickness everywhere throughout the world.
If you have a refractive error, such as farsightedness (hyperopia), astigmatism or presbyopia, refractive surgery is a method for amending or improving your vision. There are various surgical procedures for correcting or adjusting your eye’s directing ability by reshaping the cornea, or clear, round dome at the front of your eye. Other procedures involve inserting a lens inside your eye. The most widely performed type of refractive surgery is LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis), where a laser is used to reshape the cornea.
Track 6: Glaucoma: Visual field loss
Glaucoma is a multifactorial optic neuropathy that affects more than 50 million people and is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. The role of intra ocular pressure (IOP) has been well documented as a major modifiable risk factor for glaucoma. Additionally, many glaucoma patients have a relatively low IOP, while some healthy individuals have a relatively high IOP. The disorders can be roughly divided into two main categories, open-angle glaucoma and closed-angle glaucoma. Impaired ocular blood flow regulation in open angle glaucoma as a risk of glaucoma has also been well established, especially over the past two decades. Pathophysiology of glaucoma indicates towards the increased in intraocular pressure which compresses and damages the optic nerve. Once the optic nerve is damaged, it fails to carry visual information to the brain and this result in loss of vision. The exact pathophysiology of glaucoma contributing to this is yet to be determined. Biomarkers for glaucoma have predictive use that could help and guide more specific therapy in some glaucoma patients. Endothelin in glaucoma treatment play a very key role in pathogenesis of glaucoma.
Track 7: Retina and Retinal Surgery
The retina is a thin layer of tissue on the inside back wall of your eye. It contains millions of light-sensitive cells and other nerve cells that receive and organize visual information. Your retina sends this information to your brain through your optic nerve, enabling you to see. Retinal degenerative disorders such as Age-related macular degeneration and Myopic macular degeneration affecting young and old from many cultures, races and ethnicities. The central area of the retina contains a high density of color-sensitive photoreceptor cells called cones which are responsible for color vision and hence any defect and alteration in the central area of the retina will lead to Color vision defects. On the other hand diseases like Diabetic retinopathy and Retinal tumors can also be responsible for the permanent vision loss if it is not treated on time. Historically, retinal disease has had a low priority in prevention of blindness programs in developing countries. There are several reasons for this. Firstly, it was thought that retinal disease was an uncommon cause of blindness in the developing world; secondly, that the results of treating retinal disease did not justify the effort and expense involved; and, thirdly, that the equipment required was too costly and unreliable for use in a developing country environment. Finally, there is a lack of skilled personnel with sub-specialty training in retinal disease. John Hopkins School of Medicine, UCSF School of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine and Mayo Medical School are the leading institutes associates with ophthalmology.
Track 8: Neuro Ophthalmology
Neuro ophthalmology is the speciality that deals with ophthalmic diseases with neurological problems and various optic nerve disorders. We use almost half of the brain for vision-related activities, including sight and moving the eyes. Neuro-ophthalmology, a subspecialty of both neurology and ophthalmology, requires specialized training and expertise in problems of the eye, brain, nerves and muscles.
Track 9: Optometry and Contact Lens
Optometry is a social insurance calling that practices on the eyes and related structures, and vision, visual frameworks, and vision data handling in people. Optometrists (otherwise called Doctors of Optometry or Ophthalmic Opticians relying upon the nation) are prepared to endorse and fit focal points to enhance vision, and in a few nations are prepared to analyse and treat different eye sicknesses. Optometric doctors and optometry-related associations communicate with legislative offices, other social insurance experts, and the group to convey eye-and vision-care.
Track 10: Ophthalmic Oncology
Ophthalmic Oncology is a highly specialized and niche facility offering expert care in the treatment various cancerous tumours of the eye and surrounding structures. The commonest tumour of the eye occurs in children and is called ‘Retinoblastoma’. The second most common intra-ocular tumour treated is Choroidal Melanoma which largely occurs among adults; it has advance facilities and expertise in procedures such as Transpupillary Thermo Therapy, Brachytherapy, Local Tumour Resection in the form of Eye Wall Resection for effectively treating this condition.
Track 11: Orbital Disorders and surgery
The orbit (eye socket) is the cone-shaped bony cavity in which the eyes are situated. It is padded with fatty tissue and contains eye muscles, nerves, glands and cavities, all of which play important roles in eye function and health. The eye socket can be affected by a range of orbital disorders, including inflammation, tumors, systemic diseases, congenital disorders and physical injuries.
Track 12: Vision Rehabilitation
It will probably be a number of years before macular degeneration falls into the category of a truly preventable disease. Many individuals with macular degeneration currently reach the point where no surgery, treatment or medication can reverse or halt the devastating progression of this disease. The purpose of the Vision Rehabilitation service is to help these individuals make the most of their limited vision. To accomplish this, state-of-the-art devices will be employed to improve the quality of life of individuals who have experience a loss of vision.
Visual loss often causes depression in individuals with macular degeneration. This response lessens the individual’s ability to make adaptations for their vision loss. While many vision rehabilitation programs simply provide a few vision aids, without significant counseling or other instruction, the Vision Rehabilitation unit of the University of Iowa Center for Macular Degeneration employs and incorporates both psychological and physical rehabilitation in its care of individuals with visual impairments.
Individuals with visual impairments are taught to use their remaining visual abilities, much like physical or occupational therapists would help an individual who has suffered from a stroke. By adapting appliances and utilizing vision rehabilitation devices specifically designed for the needs of the individual, many individuals with visual impairments are able to maintain their independence. Another significant advancement has been the development of techniques for individuals to read using only their peripheral vision.
Track 13: Ophthalmology Disorders
Many eye sicknesses have no early side effects. They might be effortless, and you may see no adjustment in your vision until the infection has turned out to be very best in class. The absolute most ideal approach to secure your vision is through customary expert eye examinations. Obviously, between examinations, in the event that you see an adjustment in your vision – or you think your eye might be harmed in any capacity – contact your eye mind proficient promptly.
Track 14: Ophthalmic Case Studies
This is a gathering of relevant investigations to offer you some help with getting a comprehension on the regular history and beginning examination of various ophthalmic issue. The talk, but concise, is relied upon to give you an essential chart of each sickness.
Track 15: Veterinary Ophthalmology
It covers the subject of veterinary ophthalmology, reconnaissance, clinical and comparative ophthalmology, research and reviews of naturally occurring ocular diseases in animals, experimental models of eye diseases of humans and animals, anatomy and physiology of animals’ eye and ophthalmic pharmacology. There are also special editions devoted to hippological and felinological ophthalmology.
Track 16: Microbiology and Immunotherapy in Ophthalmology
An extensive number of the diseases, minute creatures, parasites, and developments that can assault the human body are moreover prepared for striking the surface or within the eye. The customary tendency for immunologic illness to impact the eye gets from different segments, for instance, Antibody-subordinate and immunizer mediated diseases, Uveitis, intraocular disturbance and cell-intervened disorders. The sheltered system accepts an essential part in the midst of transplantation and as the corneal transplantation has ended up being continuously typical since the 1960s and in excess of 40,000 transplants were performed in 1990 in the United States and Canada. The 5-year disillusionment rate for corneal associations is around 35%; corneal association rejection is the most surely understood purpose behind joining frustration in the late postoperative period yet with the late change in immunotherapy can be a jump forward to defeat from each one of the limitations of the standard procedures. The microbiological defilement, for instance, infectious endophthalmitis can impact the vitreous and front get together of the eye and in this way the vocations of neutralizing agent poison in visual illnesses have been extended to beat these conditions. The consumables, equipment and advancement advertise in the microbiology business totaled nearly $7.7 billion of every 2012. This total is depended upon to create from $8.5 billion of every 2013 to $11.4 billion out of 2018, with a compound yearly improvement rate (CAGR) of 6.1% for the five-year time frame, 2013 to 2018.
Track 17: Vestibulo–ocular reflex
The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is a reflex, where activation of the vestibular system causes eye movement. This reflex functions to stabilize images on the retinas (in yoked vision) during head movement by producing eye movements in the direction opposite to head movement, thus preserving the image on the center of the visual field(s). For example, when the head moves to the right, the eyes move to the left, and vice versa. Since slight head movement is present all the time, VOR is necessary for stabilizing vision: patients whose VOR is impaired find it difficult to read using print, because they cannot stabilize the eyes during small head tremors, and also because damage to the VOR can cause vestibular nystagmus.
The VOR does not depend on visual input. It can be elicited by caloric (hot or cold) stimulation of the inner ear and works even in total darkness or when the eyes are closed. However, in the presence of light, the fixation reflex is also added to the movement.
In other animals, the gravity organs and eyes are strictly connected. A fish, for instance, moves its eyes by reflex when its tail is moved. Humans have semi-circular canals, neck muscle “stretch” receptors, and the utricle (gravity organ). Though the semi-circular canals cause most of the reflexes which are responsive to acceleration, the maintaining of balance is mediated by the stretch of neck muscles and the pull of gravity on the utricle (otolith organ) of the inner ear.
The VOR has both rotational and translational aspects. When the head rotates about any axis (horizontal, vertical, or torsional) distant visual images are stabilized by rotating the eyes about the same axis, but in the opposite direction. When the head translates, for example during walking, the visual fixation point is maintained by rotating gaze direction in the opposite direction, by an amount that depends on distance.
Importance and Scope
The field of Ophthalmology: Ocular treatment & care is growing rapidly and its development is making tremendous impacts in medical and health sciences and pharmaceuticals. The importance and significance can be gauged by the fact that it has made huge advancements over the course of time and is continuing to influence various sectors. African Summit on Ophthalmology and Eye will concentrate on latest and exciting innovations in areas of eye surgeries, diagnostics and recent technologies towards eye care. Afro-Ophthalmology 2019 is designed to comprise of Keynote sessions, Workshops and focused symposium on latest developments in the field of one of the sense organ Eye health. The two-day Afro-Ophthalmology 2019 conference includes major sessions on detailed overview on Retinal diseases and disorders, Research Trends in Surgical and Medical Ophthalmology, Novel Approaches to Ophthalmology Therapeutics, Ocular-Pathology, Optometry and vision science.
According to WHO:
· 285 million people are estimated to be visually impaired worldwide: 39 million are blind and 246 have low vision.
· About 90% of the world’s visually impaired live in low-income settings.
· 82% of people living with blindness are aged 50 and above.
· Globally, uncorrected refractive errors are the main cause of moderate and severe visual impairment; cataracts remain the leading cause of blindness in middle- and low-income countries.
· The number of people visually impaired from infectious diseases has reduced in the last 20 years according to global estimates work.
· 80% of all visual impairment can be prevented or cured.
· Cataract removal is the most commonly performed ophthalmic surgical operation.
Fund Allotment to Ophthalmology Treatments and Research: The Ophthalmology Department at Upstate Medical University has received a $110,000 unrestricted grant from Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB), bringing the department’s total amount of RPB funding to more than $2.6 million since 1998. In addition to RPB funding, Upstage’s Ophthalmology Department has attracted more than $22.7 million in peer-reviewed funding from the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation and other agencies and lists among its funding sources $1.2 million from the Grateful Patient campaign of the Upstate Medical University Foundation and $250,000 from the Lions Clubs of District
The NEI is operating under a continuing resolution (H. R. 2775/Public Law 113-46), which provides $195M to fund operations. See http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-14-012.html. $10M is allocated to Research Management Support, $24M to the Intramural Research Program, and $161M to Extramural Research.
Glance at Market of Advertising and Marketing:
Changing trends in diet and lifestyle as well as increased long life are growing the market for ophthalmological treatments: the global ophthalmic device market is expected to reach $28 billion by 2016 exhibiting a 2.5% compound annual growth rate from 2009 to 2016, according to GBI Research.
“The worldwide ophthalmic products market beats $22 billion (US) and is rising at more than 10% per year. Without the supplement of consumer eye care products, the ophthalmic products market is coarsely a $17 billion market.” Rising of call for ophthalmic devices and increasing healthcare coverage in emerging economies will rise sales to 2024.The medical device market of Japan is mainly comprised of medical equipment’s such as consumables, orthopaedic devices, dental devices, respiratory devices, and ophthalmic devices which are manufactured in Germany, France, the UK, Italy and Spain. The demand for medical devices has been increasing owing to a growing awareness for early diagnosis and treatment of uncountable disease states in Japan. The key countries that have contributed significantly in developing medical devices market during 2008-2013 include Germany, UK, Spain and France. Germany is one of the chief medical instrument development markets and it has been observed that the country contributes immensely to the exports of medical devices.
Past Conference Report
Oculoplastic Surgery 2018
In the presence of inter professional researchers and practitioners involved in the development of high quality education in all aspects of clinical skills, Conference series LLC ltd International Conference on Clinical Ophthalmology and Oculoplastic Surgery was held during May 24-25, 2018 in Osaka, Japan.
Conference series LLC ltd played host to a diverse panel of key members of the Ophthalmology community from research lab, industry, academia and financial investment practices, discussing the future of Ophthalmology specialties. This event was really aimed for examining where the real ophthalmological specialties are going in the future and purpose of the event was to provide an opportunity for cross fertilization of ideas and development of ideas, in the field of Ophthalmology.
The conference aimed a parallel rail with theme “Advances in Clinical Ophthalmology”. Focusing on Retina and Retinal Disorders, Cornea and External Eye Disease, Glaucoma: Visual Field Loss, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Ocular Microbiology and Immunology, Research Trends in Surgical and Medical Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Research and Drug Development, and Novel Approaches to Ophthalmology Therapeutics as well, the two days of discussions enabled professionals to gain an insight into the current innovations and opened up networking opportunities.
Ophthalmology 2018 Organizing Committee would like to thank the Moderator of the conference, Dr. Janardan Kumar, Becker College, USA for his contributions which resulted in the smooth functioning of the conference.
The highlights of the meeting were the eponymous lectures, delivered by Christopher B. Chambers from University of Washington, USA, Melike Ozgun Gedar from Bahcesehir University, Turkey, A. Venkatachalam from Sadhuram Eye Hospital, India etc. These talks were of great interest to the general ophthalmologists and were enormously informative.
The International Conference on Clinical Ophthalmology and Oculoplastic Surgery was a great success with the support of international, multiprofessional steering committee and coordinated by the Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology and Biological Systems: Open Access.