Eye Conditions


Nystagmus: Involuntary Eye Movements

Nystagmus is an eye disorder that causes involuntary and rhythmic eye movements. The involuntary movements make it hard for a person to keep the eyes fixed and focused on an object making it difficult to do everyday tasks. Types of Nystagmus Nystagmus is comparatively rare and only affects 2-3 out...
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Swollen Eyelids

Swollen Eyelids? Causes and Treatments

A swollen eyelid happens when excess fluid (edema) builds up in the tissues around the eyes. This causes inflammation and makes the eyes look swollen. Swollen eyes affect both upper and lower eyelids with or without associated pain. From eye infections, injuries, trauma, or allergies, there are varying causes of...
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Macular Holes

Macular Holes: How They Are Formed and Repaired

It can be disturbing if the vision in one of your eyes suddenly becomes distorted and blurry. This may signify the development of a macular hole. The macula is a tiny spot in the retina of the back part of the eye. The macula contains light-sensitive cells called cones and...
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Polycoria | Two Pupils in One Eye

 Polycoria affects the pupils and can occur in both or just one eye. It commonly starts during childhood but is often diagnosed later in life. Two types of polycoria include: True polycoria. This involves two or more separate pupils sharing one eye. Each pupil has its own normally functioning...
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Photophobia: Light Sensitivity

Photophobia is a discomfort caused by light sensitivity or intolerance of light. Light sources such as fluorescent light, sunlight, and incandescent light can cause discomfort and may require squinting or closing the eyes for relief. Light-sensitive people may experience accompanying symptoms of headaches along with irritation to bright light. Causes...
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What is a Hyphema?

Hyphema is the collection of blood in the anterior chamber of the eye, the space between the cornea and the iris, caused by bleeding or a broken blood vessel in the eye. The number of accumulated blood grades the severity of the hyphema: Grade 0 (microhyphema): Collection of blood is...
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soothe eye allergies

How Can You Soothe Eye Allergies?

As the season changes, you may experience different health problems. When spring comes it gives you seasonal allergies that can give you congestion, headaches, itchy and swollen eyes. Eye allergies are also known to be allergic conjunctivitis which commonly occurs when the eye is exposed to a substance that irritates...
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Cat Eye Syndrome

Cat Eye Syndrome Explained

Cat eye syndrome affects several parts of the body which involves the heart, ears, kidneys, and eyes. This is caused by a genetic problem which is more specifically an abnormality in the chromosome. This syndrome causes a hole in the iris to appear and make a person’s eye look similar...
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white chicken skin-like bumps under the eyes

White Chicken Skin-like Bumps Under the Eyes

White lumps under the eyes are usually harmless and will disappear on their own. However, anyone who is concerned about their look or health should consult a physician. Although bumps and lumps under the eyes are common, they can raise concerns about cancer, a serious infection, or a condition that...
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What Is Nevus (Eye Freckle)?

A nevus is a colored growth on or in your eye that is normal. It is also known as an eye freckle and looks like a mole on your skin. A nevus (plural: nevi) may appear in the front of your eye, around the iris, or underneath the retina in...
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Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema

What is Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema?

Diabetic retinopathy is retinal damage caused by diabetes which could lead to blindness. This can be prevented if detected ahead of time, proper diabetic treatment, and regular eye checkups by your eye doctor. Abnormal high levels of blood sugar caused by uncontrolled diabetes accumulate in blood vessels leading to blood...
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types of congenital cataracts

Types of Congenital Cataracts and Its Causes

A cataract is known to be the clouding of the lens of the eye that occurs later in life. If it is present at birth, it is called a congenital cataract. Cataract surgery may be recommended to prevent amblyopia and blindness in infants but it depends on the location of...
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Eye Melanoma

Eye Melanoma or Ocular Melanoma

Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that affects melanocytes or the cells that produce melanin which gives color to the skin. Similar to the skin, the eyes also contain melanocytes which can, later on, develop melanoma. Eye melanoma is also known as ocular melanoma. Ocular melanoma can be difficult...
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posterior vitreous detachment

What Is Posterior Vitreous Detachment and What Causes It?

Vitreous is a material that fills the center of the eye. In the rear of the eye, the vitreous is generally linked to the retina. When the vitreous pulls away from the retina, it is called posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Causes The vitreous changes as we get older. It loses...
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Tunnel Vision

Tunnel Vision: How It Feels to Lose Peripheral Vision

Tunnel vision means loss of peripheral vision. This means that you do not have a normal wide-angle field of vision despite the central vision being fine. Moderate to severe cases of peripheral vision problems may seem like looking through a narrow tube where its name “tunnel vision’ is derived from....
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Stye (Hordeolum)

A stye is a painful bump around the edge of the eyelid that closely resembles a boil or a pimple. This is a localized infection or inflammation of the edges of the eyelid involving hair follicles around the eyelashes. These are often filled with pus but will begin to disappear...
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Diplopia: Seeing Double and Ghost Images

Diplopia means double vision which creates separate or overlapping images of the same object when you are supposed to be seeing only one. The less dominant image seen through diplopia is termed as “ghost image”. Three types of diplopia include: Monocular diplopia: Double vision that persists only in one eye...
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Eye Condition: Glaucoma

When there is damage to the optic nerve due to the elevated pressure in the eye refers to the group of conditions called glaucoma. The danger of leaving glaucoma untreated is that it can cause blindness. If you have normal pressure inside your eyes, it is still possible to have...
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difference between allergies and pink eye

Difference Between Allergies and Pink Eye

Red and itchy eyes require immediate remedy or else, it can hinder productivity. These two symptoms may mean you have either pink eyes or just allergies. This can be confusing when you are trying to find the proper remedy. Since both have similar symptoms like discomfort, discharge, and redness, figuring...
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what is corneal laceration

What Is Corneal Laceration?

The cornea is the eye’s clean front window. A cut on the cornea is known as a corneal laceration. It is usually caused by a sharp object that flies into the eye and scratches the cornea. Something striking the eye with significant force, such as a metallic hand tool, can...
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ROSAH Syndrome

ROSAH Syndrome: New genetic mutation discovery that can send a whole family blind

Professor Robyn Jamieson, a scientist and head of the Eye Genetics Unit at Westmed in Australia, discovered a very rare syndrome caused by a strange genetic mutation that can make a whole family blind. The case of Beth White’s retinal disease in 2004 from Sydney has led Professor Jamieson into...
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Uveitis: Eye Inflammation

Uveitis is the swelling of the middle layer of the eye known as the uvea. This layer consists of the iris, choroid, and ciliary body of the eye. Uveitis can be caused by various factors such as eye injury, toxic chemical exposure, or inflammatory diseases. Uveitis may be classified in...
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eye conditions that make you unable to fly on a plane

Eye Conditions That Make You Unable to Fly on a Plane

The American Academy of Ophthalmology is frequently asked whether a patient’s recovery from eye surgery or the presence of a particular ailment precludes them from flying. If you have any concerns about your vision, you should consult an ophthalmologist. It is crucial to be aware that there are instances when...
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what is blepharospasm

What Is Blepharospasm?

Dystonia is a movement disorder that induces excessive muscle contractions or spasms. Blepharospasm is a form of dystonia. It’s also known as benign critical blepharospasm, and it’s when the eyelids blink or twitch involuntarily and uncontrollably. Blepharospasm typically develops progressively and worsens over time. Although your eyes are fine, the...
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what is ocular sarcoidosis

What is Ocular Sarcoidosis?

Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory condition that results in the formation of granulomas, which are small clumps of cells. Granulomas grow in the body’s tissues and organs. Granulomas can exacerbate inflammation and cause tissue damage. According to the Cleveland Clinic, sarcoidosis can affect the eyes in up to 60% of...
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How Multiple Sclerosis Cause Vision Disturbances Eye Pain and Blurry Vision

How Multiple Sclerosis Cause Vision Disturbances: Eye Pain and Blurry Vision

Multiple sclerosis is commonly associated with vision problems. Blurry vision and eye pain are some of the common manifestations of multiple sclerosis in the eyes. Multiple sclerosis is often abbreviated as MS. The symptoms of MS usually come and go without medical treatment, but severe symptoms may require a consultation...
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acanthamoeba keratitis

What Is Acanthamoeba Keratitis Infection?

Acanthamoeba is one of the most microscopic organisms in the environment, but it rarely causes any infection. When infection does occur, though, it can be extremely serious and can endanger your vision. It is a parasite usually found on soil and water such as tap water, swimming pools, hot tubs,...
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What Is Trichiasis?

Trichiasis is a common problem with eyelids. Eyelashes curl inwards toward the pupil of the eye. The cornea, conjunctiva, and inner surface of the eyelids are all rubbed by the lashes. The eye is irritated as a result of this. What Causes It? There is no known cause for trichiasis....
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eye diseases in children

Eye Diseases and Conditions in Children

Because a child’s vision is still developing, he or she is susceptible to eye disease. Vision can be harmed by untreated infections, refractive errors, and misaligned eyes. Healthy eyesight can be developed by detecting and correcting issues early on. To safeguard your child’s vision, learn about young eye disorders and...
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Fuchs' Corneal Dystrophy

All About Fuchs’ Corneal Dystrophy

In older adults, a disorder that affects the front surface of the eye or the cornea is called Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy. An eye disease that concerns the cells in the innermost layer of the cornea that undergoes degenerative changes is Fuchs’ dystrophy. The endothelium is a layer of cell that...
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what is charles bonnet syndrome

What is Charles Bonnet Syndrome?

When people lose some or all of their vision, they develop Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS). Visual hallucinations (seeing things that are not really there) are a result of it. What Causes It? Light enters the eye and is received by the retina in healthy eyesight (the light-sensitive tissue in the...
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iridocorneal endothelial syndrome

Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome (ICE)

ICE (iridocorneal endothelial syndrome) is a relatively uncommon eye disease. Iridocorneal endothelial syndrome has three major characteristics which are: ● corneal swelling ● changes in the iris ● a form of glaucoma ICE (iridocorneal endothelial syndrome) refers to a community of disorders involving changes in the corneal cells and iris....
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Heterochromia: 2 Different Eye Colors

Heterochromia is a condition where a person has two different eye colors. This means that each eye is a different color – for instance, one eye is brown and the other eye is blue. It may also mean that there are at least two different colors in different parts of...
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bietti crystalline dystrophy

Bietti Crystalline Dystrophy: Yellow-White Crystals in the Retina

Bietti crystalline dystrophy or BCD is a disorder where there are numerous small, yellow, or white crystal-like deposits of fatty compounds in the retina. These deposits are dangerous because they cause damage to the retina which can result in progressive vision loss. BCD is a rare autosomal recessive ocular disease....
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What Is Dacryocystitis?

Dacryocystitis is the medical term used for inflammation of lacrimal sac. The lubrication comes from the tears that is produced by lacrimal glands. Nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) is the main cause of dacryocystitis. There are two categories which are duration and onset. The duration can be acute or chronic. It...
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Vision Problems of Premature Babies

Vision Problems of Premature Babies May Now Be Avoided by Light Therapy

Researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center have discovered that light therapy may help premature babies avoid vision problems. They have discovered a light-dependent molecular pathway that regulates how blood vessels develop in the eye. Further studies imply that light therapy might help premature babies fight vision problems whose eyes...
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infant with eye defect

Are Genes Involved in Developing Microphthalmia?

An eye abnormality known to be microphthalmia arises before birth where one or both eyeballs are abnormally small. The eyeball can be completely missing in some affected individuals. There are cases where there is remaining eye tissue. People interchanged the definition of microphthalmia and anophthalmia. The thing is you will...
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retinal artery occlusion

What Is a Retinal Artery Occlusion?

It is common for people to know that high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases have a risk to overall health. Some people are not aware of how high blood pressure can affect our eyesight. Vision can be affected if the damage reaches the arteries in the eye. A blockage in...
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What Is Pseudostrabismus and How Does It Affect You?

Pseudostrabismus is a condition in which one or both of a child’s eyes appear to be misaligned (crossed), but they are not. This differs from strabismus, which occurs when the eyes are misaligned and point in opposite directions. One eye may look forward while the other turns in, out, up,...
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myasthenia gravis

Myasthenia Gravis Explained

Myasthenia gravis is a muscular condition that causes muscle weakness and fatigue. Muscles that control eye and eyelid movement may be affected by this condition. This can result in drooping eyelids or double vision. Most persons with myasthenia gravis eye symptoms will acquire weakening in other areas within a year...
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treatment for chronic angle closure glaucoma

What Is the Treatment for Chronic Angle-Closure Glaucoma?

Glaucoma damage is irreversible. However, medications and surgery can help prevent additional damage. Chronic angle-closure glaucoma nearly always necessitates the use of a laser or surgery to reopen the closed drainage angle. Most patients will also require eyedrop medication to assist in reducing their eye pressure. Medication Eyedrop medicine is...
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What is Retinal Detachment

What is Retinal Detachment?

Retinal detachment is a serious condition that can cost a person’s vision. This is a phenomenon characterized by the separation of the retina from its underlying supportive tissue and can no longer function properly. Unless the retina is reattached soon, permanent blindness may result. Retinal Detachment Symptoms If you suddenly...
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Higher-Order Aberrations

Higher-Order Aberrations Explained

You may wonder what aberrations are and what it does to your eyes when your doctor says that you have it. Coma, trefoil, and spherical aberration are some of the unfamiliar names of higher-order aberrations. These can cause some struggles seeing during the night, blurring, or double vision. To some...
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different types of eye floaters

Different Types of Eye Floaters

Not all eye floaters are the same because they can look different to different people. There are different types of eye floaters which vary in shapes and shades. Eye floaters are said to be “spots” by many people but it comes in different forms. When eye floaters appear, it does...
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new technologies diabetic retinopathy

What Are the New Technologies That Can Help Treat Diabetic Retinopathy?

Today, diabetes is a more common disease and there are 10% of Americans who have been affected by diabetes which is expected to double in 2050. Patients who have diabetes may develop diabetic retinopathy which is an eye complication that can contribute to vision loss. In response to this complication,...
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with and without glaucoma vision left versus right

How to Prevent Vision Loss From Glaucoma

An eye condition called glaucoma damages the optic nerve of the eye slowly. Some people with glaucoma are not aware that they have it. They usually lose their vision first before being able to notice any problems they have with their eyes. It is important to have a regular eye...
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Legally Blind

What is Considered “Legally Blind”?

“Legally blind” pertains to being visually impaired by the law when eyeglasses or contact lenses cannot correct your vision beyond particular standards. To be considered legally blind, one must have a 20/200 visual acuity or worse in your better eye with corrective glasses or contact lenses on it. Legal blindness...
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causes of red rings around the eyes

Causes of Red Rings Around the Eyes

Age, allergies, underlying illnesses, and other factors can cause red rings around the eyes. Sometimes, home cures are all that are needed to address the root of the problem. However, some people may also require medical attention at times. Most Prevalent Causes of Red Rings Around the Eyes 1. Contact...
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dangers of having a pink eye

Dangers of Having a Pink Eye

Pink eye is also known as conjunctivitis which is caused by a virus or bacteria. The symptoms that can be present are itchy, red, watery eyes, and sometimes an eye discharge. Pink eyes are contagious for days to weeks after these symptoms occurred. When children are diagnosed with pink eyes,...
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causes of white bumps under the eyes

Causes of White Bumps Under The Eyes

Tiny white bumps under the eyes may look similar to chicken skin under the eyes. These may only be milia or syringomas that are no cause for serious concern. However, it is still important to contact your doctor for any skin growth that does not go away. Other causes of...
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what is onchocerciasis

What Is Onchocerciasis?

Onchocerciasis is an ailment brought on by a specific parasite. African river blindness is another name for this ailment. It is the world’s second-leading cause of infectious blindness. Before blindness, people frequently experience symptoms such as itching and pimples on their skin. What Causes It? Onchocerciasis is caused by a...
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macular telangiectasia

Macular Telangiectasia – Types, Risks, and Symptoms

Macular telangiectasia (MacTel) is a condition that affects the macula and causes central vision loss. When the tiny blood vessels around the fovea become clogged, MacTel grows. The fovea, located in the middle of the macula, provides us with our sharpest central vision for tasks such as reading. The cause...
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chronic angle closure glaucoma

Chronic Angle-Closure Glaucoma: What Is It?

Glaucoma is the most common cause of blindness in persons over the age of 60. Glaucoma-related blindness, can generally be prevented with the right and prompt treatment. Difference Between Acute and Chronic Angle-closure Glaucoma Angle-closure glaucoma Angle-closure glaucoma (also known as closed-angle glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma) develops when the iris...
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Cellulitis: a Skin and Eye Infection

An infection that can affect the skin and/or the eyes is called cellulitis. The types of cellulitis that can affect the eyes are preseptal and orbital. Preseptal cellulitis is common in children, especially young children. In preseptal cellulitis, the tissue of the eyelid is affected. While in orbital cellulitis, the...
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what you need to know about legal blindness

What You Need to Know About Legal Blindness

Most people probably heard the term “legally blind” and do not know what it means. Many people assumed that legal blindness is a medical condition. The truth is legal blindness is a government standard for an individual that is impaired in performing activities such as driving. If you are legally...
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Snow Blindness

What is Snow Blindness and How You Can Prevent It

Despite being painful and having temporary vision loss, snow blindness is totally preventable. This condition is caused by overexposure to the UV rays from the sun. Photokeratitis is the medical term for snow blindness. Basically, snow blindness is a sunburned eye or more specifically, a sunburned cornea. Usually, by the...
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Ptosis: Drooping Eyelids

The drooping of the upper eyelid on one or both eyes is called ptosis. This condition may barely be noticeable or could cover the entire pupil interfering with a person’s vision. Ptosis, also known as blepharoptosis could start at birth (congenital ptosis) or could later occur in life (acquired ptosis)....
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How to Get Rid of a Stye Fast

How to Get Rid of a Stye Fast

Almost all tender, red bumps on the edge of the eyelid are harmless and can heal on their own in about a week. But sometimes, one week is long enough for a little red bump on your eyelid to be a complete nuisance. Luckily, there are a few home remedies...
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cogan's syndrome

Cogan’s Syndrome: Ghostly White Ring in the Cornea

In movies, it is common for us to associate white rings in the cornea with ghosts. In Portugal, a woman gave a shock to her doctors when she appeared with a ghostly white ring in her cornea. Her case was reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, the doctors...
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The Causes and Treatment of Black Eye

The Causes and Treatment of Black Eye

A black eye is also known as a shiner which appears when an injury near the eye occurs. There is a broken blood vessel under the skin which causes a bruise or discoloration to appear. The usual cause of this is blunt force trauma. Swelling is present when you have...
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importance of calcium for people with amd

Importance of Calcium for People With Age-Related Macular Degeneration

According to a recent study, you are less likely to develop age-related macular degeneration (AMD) if you eat more calcium-rich foods. There is a report that contradicts the result of the study that stated too much calcium makes AMD more likely to occur. Emily Chew, a researcher at the National...
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What is Keratoconus? | A Clear Explanation of the Rare Disease

Keratoconus is when the cornea bulges outward forming a cone shape in your eye. The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped surface of your eye that causes blurred vision and light sensitivity when deformed. Keratoconus usually occurs in both eyes but is often more severe on one eye than the other....
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Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy

Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is known to affect your eyes with different eye conditions. In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, treatment may not be needed because eyesight is normal. With the help of treatment, it can help prevent and delay eye damage from diabetes. Laser treatment, vitrectomy surgery, and medication are...
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Nocturnal Lagophthalmos or Sleeping With the Eyes Open

It may be odd, but did you know that there are a lot of people sleeping with their eyes open? It is surprisingly common. However, people who sleep with their eyes open are vulnerable to severe eye problems such as dry eyes, infections, and eye injury. Sleeping with the eyes...
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ophthalmoplegia in old age

Ophthalmoplegia: Paralysis or Weakness of the Eye Muscles

Have you ever felt paralysis or weakness of eye muscles? A condition called ophthalmoplegia refers to the paralysis or weakness of the eye muscles which can affect one or more of the six muscles that are responsible for holding our eye in its place. It is important to know the...
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Blocked Tear Duct

Blocked Tear Duct

A blocked tear duct prevents tears from draining normally which causes a watery and irritated eye. This condition is common in newborns and usually gets better without medical intervention. However, a blocked tear duct in adults is caused by injury, infection, or tumor. Fortunately, a blocked tear duct is almost...
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retinopathy of prematurity

What Is Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

The eye illness retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) affects some premature babies born before 31 weeks. A full-term pregnancy is between 38 and 42 weeks long. It is a condition that affects the retina, which is the tissue in the rear of the eye. The retina detects light and transmits information...
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ischemic optic neuropathy

Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

Ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) occurs when blood flow to your eye’s optic nerve is disrupted, resulting in long-term damage to the nerve. When you have ION, you lose vision in one or both of your eyes. The optic nerve connects your eyes to your brain, carrying signals. These messages are...
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rare eye diseases

Causes of Rare Eye Diseases and Treatment

Most people are familiar with common eye problems such as pink eye, cataracts, and glaucoma. Rare eye diseases can be seen only in fiction but not many people know that there is an actual medical condition like this. People often think that bloody tears are not real but it is...
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choroidal neovascular membranes

Choroidal Neovascular Membranes: What Are They?

A healthy, undamaged retina is essential for clear vision in the eye. Choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVM) are new blood vessels that form beneath the retina and cause damage. The choroid is where these blood vessels develop. They are able to get past the choroid-retina barrier. They cause visual loss when...
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Anisocoria: Unequal Pupil Sizes

Anisocoria is a condition where the two pupils are unequal in size and may not respond normally to light. In common cases, anisocoria is usually benign and does not need serious concern. However, if your anisocoria happens all of a sudden, this can be a symptom of a serious condition....
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The Causes and Treatment of Eye Floaters 1

The Causes and Treatment of Eye Floaters

The tiny spots that appear in your vision are called eye floaters. It is a common occurrence and does not usually cause alarm. In the vitreous part of the eye that gives shape to the eye is where the floaters develop. That is why floaters are also known as vitreous...
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comparison between eye floaters and flashes

Comparison Between Eye Floaters and Flashes

It is common for individuals to interchange eye floaters and flashes for they come from the same phenomena. Entoptic phenomena refer to when visual effects come within the inside of the eye itself. The most common example of entoptic phenomena is eye floaters and eye flashes. People tend to think...
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aniridia eye condition

Aniridia: Eyes With No Iris

Many people wonder if it is possible to be born without iris. It is uncommon but it is possible, iris hypoplasia means people are born without the colored part of their eye or the iris. It occurs in 1 out of every 50,000 to 100,000 infants worldwide. Aniridia means eyes...
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adies pupil

Adie’s Pupil: a Neurological Disorder

A neurological disorder that affects the nervous system is called Adie’s pupil or Holmes-Adie syndrome. The brain, spinal cord, and nerves are part of the nervous system that control the involuntary body movements we do. Sweating, salivating, and sneezing are examples of reflexive actions that happen automatically. We do not...
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naantalang transient light sensitivity syndrome

Delayed-onset Transient Light Sensitivity Syndrome Following Corneal Collagen Cross-linking

Photosensitivity is an uncommon and seemingly unpredictably unforeseen consequence of refractive surgery that can manifest as a debilitating, bilateral ocular pain that necessitates prompt treatment. Transient light-sensitivity syndrome (TLSS) is a condition that can appear months after ocular surgeries and is associated with inflammation of structures in the anterior chamber...
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diagnosis and treatment of entropion

Diagnosis and Treatment of Entropion

Entropion is generally unavoidable. You might be able to avoid the type brought on by trachoma. If your eyes get red and itchy after visiting an area where trachoma infection is widespread, consult a doctor right once for an exam and treatment. Diagnosis of Entropion Entropion is commonly detected during...
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central retinal vein occlusion (crvo)

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)

Blood is carried throughout your body, including your eyes, through arteries and veins: one main artery and one main vein running through the retina of the eye. Central retinal vein occlusion occurs when the main retinal vein becomes occluded (CRVO). Blood and fluid leak out into the retina when a...
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closeup of inflammed eye

Behçet’s Disease: Blood Vessel Inflammation

Many people are not familiar with this type of disorder known as Behçet’s disease. Behçet’s disease is a rare disorder that results in damage to blood vessels which causes problems in part of the body including the eyes. The condition is usually long-term or chronic but there are times where...
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pigment dispersion syndrome

Pigment Dispersion Syndrome

The material that gives your iris its color is pigment. When the pigment rubs off the back of your iris, it causes pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS). This pigment then floats around the eye, causing it to become discolored. Pigment specks can clog the drainage angle in your eye, which can...
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branch retinal vein occlusion

Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion (BRVO)

Blood is carried throughout your body, including your eyes, through arteries and veins. One main artery and one main vein running through the retina of the eye. Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) occurs when the branches of the retinal vein become occluded. Blood and fluid leak out into the retina...
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newborns with microphthalmia and anophthalmia

Microphthalmia: Abnormally Small Eyes and Anophthalmia: Absence of One or Both Eyes

Anophthalmia and microphthalmia are the two terms used interchangeably. It is important to know the definitions of the two terms, especially when to use them. Microphthalmia is a disorder where one or both eyes are abnormally small, while anophthalmia is the absence of one or both eyes. There are cases...
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eye disorders caused by sun damage

5 Eye Disorders Caused by Sun Damage

Typical “fun in the sun” activities include swimming, building sandcastles on the beach, and tossing a flying disc in the park. But are you blind to the consequences of sun exposure since you are having so much fun? These are the top 5 eye problems that can be caused by...
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what is giant papillary conjunctivitis

What Is Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis?

Typically, the inside of your eyelid should be very smooth. However, if you have giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC), the inside of your eyelid becomes red, swollen, and irritated. Giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) is more likely to affect people who wear contact lenses, especially soft lenses. Giant papillary conjunctivitis can strike...
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what is juvenile macular dystrophy

What Is Juvenile Macular Dystrophy and How Does It Affect You?

Juvenile macular dystrophy (also known as juvenile macular degeneration) is a category of hereditary eye diseases that mostly affect children and young adults. Age-related macular degeneration is not the same as juvenile macular dystrophy (AMD). While AMD is a normal part of the aging process, juvenile macular dystrophy is an...
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Ocular Hypertension: High Eye Pressure

Ocular Hypertension: High Eye Pressure

Ocular hypertension occurs when the intraocular pressure (IOP) is elevated. Untreated ocular hypertension may lead to glaucoma and blindness. Fortunately, there are people who have ocular hypertension that did not develop any damage to their vision as determined by a visual field testing and a comprehensive eye exam. How to...
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juvenile idiopathic arthritis uveitis

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Uveitis

JIA (juvenile idiopathic arthritis) is a type of inflammatory arthritis that affects children under the age of sixteen. JIA is a type of autoimmune disorder. White blood cells damage the body’s healthy joints (the cells that normally fight disease) in JIA. The joints get inflamed as a result of this....
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Ocular Rosacea

What is Ocular Rosacea?

Ocular rosacea is associated with a common inflammatory disease that affects the skin around the face, chest, as well as the eyes. The condition may be linked with inherited and environmental factors such as excessive sun exposure. Rosacea affects more women than men. Recent studies imply that 6-18% of people...
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macular telangiectasia

Diagnosis and Treatment of Macular Telangiectasia

Your ophthalmologist may discover tiny, fine crystals in the center of your macula. This is a sign of macular telangiectasia (MacTel). They can also note macula discoloration, irregular blood vessels in the macula’s base, lipid (fat) deposits, and pigment clumps. Your vision will be thoroughly assessed by your eye doctor...
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What is Dry Eyes Syndrome

What is Dry Eyes Syndrome? Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Dry eyes occur when there are inadequate tears to lubricate the eyes. This condition is medically termed as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) or more commonly known as dry eye syndrome. Overview Dry eye syndrome is a common condition that affects almost 37% of the people. It may root from insufficient tear...
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Knowing About Strabismus

Strabismus is also called crossed eyes because two eyes are not aligned properly and do not work together. Unilateral strabismus means the misalignment affects the same eye while alternating strabismus when the misalignment takes turns for two eyes. It can be constant or intermittent. Types of Strabismus Large-angle strabismus refers...
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Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome (ICE)

Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome (ICE)

Iridocorneal endothelial syndrome is a rare type of glaucoma that commonly occurs only in one eye. This syndrome causes the cells on the rear area of the cornea to spread across the drainage tissue of the eyes and the iris. This leads to an increase in the eye pressure that...
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pseudoexfoliation syndrome

Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome

Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXF or PEX) is an age-related systemic syndrome characterized by the gradual deposition of fibrillary white flaky material (dandruff-like) on the lens capsule, ciliary body, zonules, corneal endothelium, iris, and pupillary margin. These tiny aggregates of protein fibers are found in the heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, and eye...
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neuropathic corneal pain

Neuropathic Corneal Pain

A disorder known as neuropathic corneal pain causes your eyes, face, or head to become overly sensitive. It also causes them pain. Corneal neuralgia is another name for this illness. The specific etiology is unknown. They believe it is caused by corneal nerve injury mixed with inflammation. Your nervous system...
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can menopause cause dry eyes

Can Menopause Cause Dry Eyes?

During the menopausal stage, women experience hot flashes which is the common symptom of menopause. Some women find hot flashes a hindrance to the tasks that they perform. Menopausal women not only face the struggle of hot flashes but also dry eye symptoms. Dry eye is a condition where your...
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what is stargardt disease

What Is Stargardt Disease?

Stargardt disease is a vision loss condition that affects children and young adults. Juvenile macular dystrophy is another name for the inherited disorder called Stargardt disease. Photoreceptors, which are light-sensing cells in the macula, die in persons with Stargardt disease. Signs and Symptoms Children, teenagers, and young adults are the...
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7 strangest eye conditions

7 Strangest Eye Conditions

People are not aware of the strangest eye conditions that exist. When they hear things such as hairy eyes, red eyes, and cat eyes, and bloody tears, they think that is all in the movies. The truth is these are real eye conditions even though it looks like carnival acts....
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what is entropion

What Is Entropion?

Entropion is a condition in which the inside of your eyelid turns inward, rubbing your eyelashes and skin against the eye surface. This is irritating and inconvenient. Your eyelid may be turned in all of the time or only when you blink hard or squeeze your eyes shut if you...
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What Does Red Spot on the Eye Mean?

You could be unaware until someone points out you have a red spot in the eye. Here is what it says about your health. It could be disturbing to see a red spot right on your eye. However, the good news is it’s rarely a medical emergency. The usual cause...
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Yellow Eyes

What Causes Yellow Eyes?

The sclera of the eyes should always look white. If there is any change in color such as becoming red or yellow, it could be a sign of an underlying condition. Conjunctival or scleral icterus is a type of eye discoloration which turns the sclera to yellow. Yellow eyes are...
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