Eye Conditions

newborns with microphthalmia and anophthalmia

Microphthalmia: Abnormally Small Eyes and Anophthalmia: Absence of One or Both Eyes

Anophthalmia and microphthalmia are the two terms used interchangeably. It is important to know the definitions of the two terms, especially when to use them. Microphthalmia is a disorder where one or both eyes are abnormally small, while anophthalmia is the absence of one or both eyes. There are cases...
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difference between allergies and pink eye

Difference Between Allergies and Pink Eye

Red and itchy eyes require immediate remedy or else, it can hinder productivity. These two symptoms may mean you have either pink eyes or just allergies. This can be confusing when you are trying to find the proper remedy. Since both have similar symptoms like discomfort, discharge, and redness, figuring...
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Corneal Abrasions

Corneal Abrasions, Most Common Eye Injury: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Duration, and Treatment

Corneal abrasions are the most frequent eye injury that doctors encounter with their patients. The cornea is the clear, curved structure on the surface of our eyes. It is a delicate dome-shaped “window” of our eyes. Any scratch or scrape on the cornea is termed as a corneal abrasion. Corneal...
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Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy

Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is known to affect your eyes with different eye conditions. In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, treatment may not be needed because eyesight is normal. With the help of treatment, it can help prevent and delay eye damage from diabetes. Laser treatment, vitrectomy surgery, and medication are...
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macular telangiectasia

Diagnosis and Treatment of Macular Telangiectasia

Your ophthalmologist may discover tiny, fine crystals in the center of your macula. This is a sign of macular telangiectasia (MacTel). They can also note macula discoloration, irregular blood vessels in the macula’s base, lipid (fat) deposits, and pigment clumps. Your vision will be thoroughly assessed by your eye doctor...
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Photophobia: Light Sensitivity

Photophobia is a discomfort caused by light sensitivity or intolerance of light. Light sources such as fluorescent light, sunlight, and incandescent light can cause discomfort and may require squinting or closing the eyes for relief. Light-sensitive people may experience accompanying symptoms of headaches along with irritation to bright light. Causes...
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Legally Blind

What is Considered “Legally Blind”?

“Legally blind” pertains to being visually impaired by the law when eyeglasses or contact lenses cannot correct your vision beyond particular standards. To be considered legally blind, one must have a 20/200 visual acuity or worse in your better eye with corrective glasses or contact lenses on it. Legal blindness...
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types of congenital cataracts

Types of Congenital Cataracts and Its Causes

A cataract is known to be the clouding of the lens of the eye that occurs later in life. If it is present at birth, it is called a congenital cataract. Cataract surgery may be recommended to prevent amblyopia and blindness in infants but it depends on the location of...
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what is blepharospasm

What Is Blepharospasm?

Dystonia is a movement disorder that induces excessive muscle contractions or spasms. Blepharospasm is a form of dystonia. It’s also known as benign critical blepharospasm, and it’s when the eyelids blink or twitch involuntarily and uncontrollably. Blepharospasm typically develops progressively and worsens over time. Although your eyes are fine, the...
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cogan's syndrome

Cogan’s Syndrome: Ghostly White Ring in the Cornea

In movies, it is common for us to associate white rings in the cornea with ghosts. In Portugal, a woman gave a shock to her doctors when she appeared with a ghostly white ring in her cornea. Her case was reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, the doctors...
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Drusen: Causes, Symptoms, and Risks

Under the retina, drusen are yellow deposits. Lipids and proteins make up the drusen. Drusen are not thought to be a cause of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Drusen, on the other hand, raises a person’s risk of developing AMD and can be a symptom of the disease. Different types of...
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Eye Floater Types

Eye Floater Types

Eye floaters vary on people, from different shapes and shades to moving or wavy lines, to small black dots in your vision. Floaters are not a medical concern but a visual annoyance. Although a sudden increase of floaters is concerning because it could be a retinal detachment symptom and it...
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What is Retinal Detachment

What is Retinal Detachment?

Retinal detachment is a serious condition that can cost a person’s vision. This is a phenomenon characterized by the separation of the retina from its underlying supportive tissue and can no longer function properly. Unless the retina is reattached soon, permanent blindness may result. Retinal Detachment Symptoms If you suddenly...
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image of human brain

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease: Brain Infection Found in Eye Tissue

There has been research about a fatal brain infection known to be related to mad cow disease. The findings emphasized the importance of preventing the spread of infection during other procedures including eye surgery. The rare and fatal brain infection is known to be Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease which can be found...
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adies pupil

Adie’s Pupil: a Neurological Disorder

A neurological disorder that affects the nervous system is called Adie’s pupil or Holmes-Adie syndrome. The brain, spinal cord, and nerves are part of the nervous system that control the involuntary body movements we do. Sweating, salivating, and sneezing are examples of reflexive actions that happen automatically. We do not...
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eye disorders caused by sun damage

5 Eye Disorders Caused by Sun Damage

Typical “fun in the sun” activities include swimming, building sandcastles on the beach, and tossing a flying disc in the park. But are you blind to the consequences of sun exposure since you are having so much fun? These are the top 5 eye problems that can be caused by...
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eye conditions that make you unable to fly on a plane

Eye Conditions That Make You Unable to Fly on a Plane

The American Academy of Ophthalmology is frequently asked whether a patient’s recovery from eye surgery or the presence of a particular ailment precludes them from flying. If you have any concerns about your vision, you should consult an ophthalmologist. It is crucial to be aware that there are instances when...
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Eye Herpes

What is Eye Herpes?

Eye herpes or ocular herpes is a viral eye infection caused by type 1 herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) that also causes cold sores surrounding the mouth and lips. Frequently, eye herpes affects the cornea of the eye (herpes keratitis). Eye herpes also affects the superficial cells of the cornea (epithelial...
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ischemic optic neuropathy

Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

Ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) occurs when blood flow to your eye’s optic nerve is disrupted, resulting in long-term damage to the nerve. When you have ION, you lose vision in one or both of your eyes. The optic nerve connects your eyes to your brain, carrying signals. These messages are...
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branch retinal vein occlusion

Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion (BRVO)

Blood is carried throughout your body, including your eyes, through arteries and veins. One main artery and one main vein running through the retina of the eye. Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) occurs when the branches of the retinal vein become occluded. Blood and fluid leak out into the retina...
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Snow Blindness

What is Snow Blindness and How You Can Prevent It

Despite being painful and having temporary vision loss, snow blindness is totally preventable. This condition is caused by overexposure to the UV rays from the sun. Photokeratitis is the medical term for snow blindness. Basically, snow blindness is a sunburned eye or more specifically, a sunburned cornea. Usually, by the...
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posterior vitreous detachment

What Is Posterior Vitreous Detachment and What Causes It?

Vitreous is a material that fills the center of the eye. In the rear of the eye, the vitreous is generally linked to the retina. When the vitreous pulls away from the retina, it is called posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Causes The vitreous changes as we get older. It loses...
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neuropathic corneal pain

Neuropathic Corneal Pain

A disorder known as neuropathic corneal pain causes your eyes, face, or head to become overly sensitive. It also causes them pain. Corneal neuralgia is another name for this illness. The specific etiology is unknown. They believe it is caused by corneal nerve injury mixed with inflammation. Your nervous system...
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what is shingles

What Is Shingles (Herpes Zoster)?

Shingles is characterized by a painful red rash with blisters that break open and scab over. The herpes zoster virus is to blame for this. Chickenpox is caused by the same virus. The virus persists in your body’s nerve cells after you have chickenpox. You may not have any symptoms...
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Heterochromia: 2 Different Eye Colors

Heterochromia is a condition where a person has two different eye colors. This means that each eye is a different color – for instance, one eye is brown and the other eye is blue. It may also mean that there are at least two different colors in different parts of...
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Anisocoria: Unequal Pupil Sizes

Anisocoria is a condition where the two pupils are unequal in size and may not respond normally to light. In common cases, anisocoria is usually benign and does not need serious concern. However, if your anisocoria happens all of a sudden, this can be a symptom of a serious condition....
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Diplopia: Seeing Double and Ghost Images

Diplopia means double vision which creates separate or overlapping images of the same object when you are supposed to be seeing only one. The less dominant image seen through diplopia is termed as “ghost image”. Three types of diplopia include: Monocular diplopia: Double vision that persists only in one eye...
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Fuchs' Corneal Dystrophy

All About Fuchs’ Corneal Dystrophy

In older adults, a disorder that affects the front surface of the eye or the cornea is called Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy. An eye disease that concerns the cells in the innermost layer of the cornea that undergoes degenerative changes is Fuchs’ dystrophy. The endothelium is a layer of cell that...
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bloodshot eyes

Bloodshot Eyes: Natural Treatments

An allergen, or an external irritation, is usually the cause of bloodshot or red eyes. Irritated eyes might appear unpleasant, with pink or crimson streaks in the conjunctiva and white sclera. Common Causes The following are some of the most common symptoms associated with bloodshot eyes: ● tearing ● burning...
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what is entropion

What Is Entropion?

Entropion is a condition in which the inside of your eyelid turns inward, rubbing your eyelashes and skin against the eye surface. This is irritating and inconvenient. Your eyelid may be turned in all of the time or only when you blink hard or squeeze your eyes shut if you...
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Ocular Hypertension: High Eye Pressure

Ocular Hypertension: High Eye Pressure

Ocular hypertension occurs when the intraocular pressure (IOP) is elevated. Untreated ocular hypertension may lead to glaucoma and blindness. Fortunately, there are people who have ocular hypertension that did not develop any damage to their vision as determined by a visual field testing and a comprehensive eye exam. How to...
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what you need to know about legal blindness

What You Need to Know About Legal Blindness

Most people probably heard the term “legally blind” and do not know what it means. Many people assumed that legal blindness is a medical condition. The truth is legal blindness is a government standard for an individual that is impaired in performing activities such as driving. If you are legally...
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cytomegalovirus retinitis

Cytomegalovirus Retinitis and Its Symptoms

A disease that is concerned with sight associated with AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is called Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. There are AIDS patients who developed CMV retinitis. One report said that the drugs that are used to treat AIDs helped in decreasing the occurrence of CMV retinitis by more than...
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How Multiple Sclerosis Cause Vision Disturbances Eye Pain and Blurry Vision

How Multiple Sclerosis Cause Vision Disturbances: Eye Pain and Blurry Vision

Multiple sclerosis is commonly associated with vision problems. Blurry vision and eye pain are some of the common manifestations of multiple sclerosis in the eyes. Multiple sclerosis is often abbreviated as MS. The symptoms of MS usually come and go without medical treatment, but severe symptoms may require a consultation...
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Eye Melanoma

Eye Melanoma or Ocular Melanoma

Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that affects melanocytes or the cells that produce melanin which gives color to the skin. Similar to the skin, the eyes also contain melanocytes which can, later on, develop melanoma. Eye melanoma is also known as ocular melanoma. Ocular melanoma can be difficult...
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giant cell arteritis

Giant Cell Arteritis: Symptoms, Risks, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a condition in which the arteries (blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart) become inflamed (swell). When arteries swell, blood flow via these vessels is reduced. The arteries in the neck, upper body, and arms are affected by GCA. Because it affects the...
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central serous chorioretinopathy

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Fluid develops up under the retina in central serous chorioretinopathy. This can cause eyesight distortion. The choroid, a layer of tissue under the retina, is where the fluid leaks. The retinal pigment epithelium is a layer of cells that lies between the retina and the choroid (RPE). When the RPE...
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Knowing About Strabismus

Strabismus is also called crossed eyes because two eyes are not aligned properly and do not work together. Unilateral strabismus means the misalignment affects the same eye while alternating strabismus when the misalignment takes turns for two eyes. It can be constant or intermittent. Types of Strabismus Large-angle strabismus refers...
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what is giant papillary conjunctivitis

What Is Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis?

Typically, the inside of your eyelid should be very smooth. However, if you have giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC), the inside of your eyelid becomes red, swollen, and irritated. Giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) is more likely to affect people who wear contact lenses, especially soft lenses. Giant papillary conjunctivitis can strike...
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The Causes and Treatment of Black Eye

The Causes and Treatment of Black Eye

A black eye is also known as a shiner which appears when an injury near the eye occurs. There is a broken blood vessel under the skin which causes a bruise or discoloration to appear. The usual cause of this is blunt force trauma. Swelling is present when you have...
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Cellulitis: a Skin and Eye Infection

An infection that can affect the skin and/or the eyes is called cellulitis. The types of cellulitis that can affect the eyes are preseptal and orbital. Preseptal cellulitis is common in children, especially young children. In preseptal cellulitis, the tissue of the eyelid is affected. While in orbital cellulitis, the...
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acanthamoeba keratitis

What Is Acanthamoeba Keratitis Infection?

Acanthamoeba is one of the most microscopic organisms in the environment, but it rarely causes any infection. When infection does occur, though, it can be extremely serious and can endanger your vision. It is a parasite usually found on soil and water such as tap water, swimming pools, hot tubs,...
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different types of eye floaters

Different Types of Eye Floaters

Not all eye floaters are the same because they can look different to different people. There are different types of eye floaters which vary in shapes and shades. Eye floaters are said to be “spots” by many people but it comes in different forms. When eye floaters appear, it does...
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Nystagmus: Involuntary Eye Movements

Nystagmus is an eye disorder that causes involuntary and rhythmic eye movements. The involuntary movements make it hard for a person to keep the eyes fixed and focused on an object making it difficult to do everyday tasks. Types of Nystagmus Nystagmus is comparatively rare and only affects 2-3 out...
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bietti crystalline dystrophy

Bietti Crystalline Dystrophy: Yellow-White Crystals in the Retina

Bietti crystalline dystrophy or BCD is a disorder where there are numerous small, yellow, or white crystal-like deposits of fatty compounds in the retina. These deposits are dangerous because they cause damage to the retina which can result in progressive vision loss. BCD is a rare autosomal recessive ocular disease....
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What Is Nevus (Eye Freckle)?

A nevus is a colored growth on or in your eye that is normal. It is also known as an eye freckle and looks like a mole on your skin. A nevus (plural: nevi) may appear in the front of your eye, around the iris, or underneath the retina in...
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Ocular Rosacea

What is Ocular Rosacea?

Ocular rosacea is associated with a common inflammatory disease that affects the skin around the face, chest, as well as the eyes. The condition may be linked with inherited and environmental factors such as excessive sun exposure. Rosacea affects more women than men. Recent studies imply that 6-18% of people...
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what is onchocerciasis

What Is Onchocerciasis?

Onchocerciasis is an ailment brought on by a specific parasite. African river blindness is another name for this ailment. It is the world’s second-leading cause of infectious blindness. Before blindness, people frequently experience symptoms such as itching and pimples on their skin. What Causes It? Onchocerciasis is caused by a...
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causes of white bumps under the eyes

Causes of White Bumps Under The Eyes

Tiny white bumps under the eyes may look similar to chicken skin under the eyes. These may only be milia or syringomas that are no cause for serious concern. However, it is still important to contact your doctor for any skin growth that does not go away. Other causes of...
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new technologies diabetic retinopathy

What Are the New Technologies That Can Help Treat Diabetic Retinopathy?

Today, diabetes is a more common disease and there are 10% of Americans who have been affected by diabetes which is expected to double in 2050. Patients who have diabetes may develop diabetic retinopathy which is an eye complication that can contribute to vision loss. In response to this complication,...
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Nocturnal Lagophthalmos or Sleeping With the Eyes Open

It may be odd, but did you know that there are a lot of people sleeping with their eyes open? It is surprisingly common. However, people who sleep with their eyes open are vulnerable to severe eye problems such as dry eyes, infections, and eye injury. Sleeping with the eyes...
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Are Purple Eyes Real? | Is Alexandria’s Genesis a Fact?

Alexandria’s genesis is nothing but an online myth. This claim of human eyes turning purple is just a fiction. Over 150 people who claimed they have this fake condition allegedly have purple eyes, pale skin, absence of body hair, perfectly proportioned bodies, high levels of fertility without menstruation in women,...
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Polycoria | Two Pupils in One Eye

 Polycoria affects the pupils and can occur in both or just one eye. It commonly starts during childhood but is often diagnosed later in life. Two types of polycoria include: True polycoria. This involves two or more separate pupils sharing one eye. Each pupil has its own normally functioning...
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with and without glaucoma vision left versus right

How to Prevent Vision Loss From Glaucoma

An eye condition called glaucoma damages the optic nerve of the eye slowly. Some people with glaucoma are not aware that they have it. They usually lose their vision first before being able to notice any problems they have with their eyes. It is important to have a regular eye...
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treatment for chronic angle closure glaucoma

What Is the Treatment for Chronic Angle-Closure Glaucoma?

Glaucoma damage is irreversible. However, medications and surgery can help prevent additional damage. Chronic angle-closure glaucoma nearly always necessitates the use of a laser or surgery to reopen the closed drainage angle. Most patients will also require eyedrop medication to assist in reducing their eye pressure. Medication Eyedrop medicine is...
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Histoplasmosis: What to Know

Histoplasmosis is a disease that is contracted by inhaling infected airborne spores. The fungus Histoplasma capsulatum produces the spores that cause it. For short, this microscopic fungus is known as histo. When people disturb the soil by plowing fields, sweeping chicken coops, or digging holes, it gets into the air....
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Stye (Hordeolum)

A stye is a painful bump around the edge of the eyelid that closely resembles a boil or a pimple. This is a localized infection or inflammation of the edges of the eyelid involving hair follicles around the eyelashes. These are often filled with pus but will begin to disappear...
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central retinal vein occlusion (crvo)

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)

Blood is carried throughout your body, including your eyes, through arteries and veins: one main artery and one main vein running through the retina of the eye. Central retinal vein occlusion occurs when the main retinal vein becomes occluded (CRVO). Blood and fluid leak out into the retina when a...
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Milia on the Eyelid and How to Remove Them

Milia are small, white, or yellowish cysts that appear on your face and body including on the eyelids and under the eyes. Milia are sometimes called “milk spots” or “oil seeds” and typically occur in clusters. Milia are very prevalent in newborns which affects nearly 50% of all full-term newborn...
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Macular Holes

Macular Holes: How They Are Formed and Repaired

It can be disturbing if the vision in one of your eyes suddenly becomes distorted and blurry. This may signify the development of a macular hole. The macula is a tiny spot in the retina of the back part of the eye. The macula contains light-sensitive cells called cones and...
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importance of calcium for people with amd

Importance of Calcium for People With Age-Related Macular Degeneration

According to a recent study, you are less likely to develop age-related macular degeneration (AMD) if you eat more calcium-rich foods. There is a report that contradicts the result of the study that stated too much calcium makes AMD more likely to occur. Emily Chew, a researcher at the National...
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Sticky Eyes

Sticky Eyes: What It Is and How to Properly Manage It

Wet or crusted discharge in the eyes is common in people who have allergies or cold. This discharge can cause the eyes to feel wet, gummy, or are glued shut. This condition is commonly known as sticky eyes. Sticky eyes are caused by accumulated collection of skin cells, oil, debris,...
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pigment dispersion syndrome

Pigment Dispersion Syndrome

The material that gives your iris its color is pigment. When the pigment rubs off the back of your iris, it causes pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS). This pigment then floats around the eye, causing it to become discolored. Pigment specks can clog the drainage angle in your eye, which can...
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what is cytomegalovirus retinitis

What is Cytomegalovirus Retinitis?

Cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMV retinitis) is a severe eye infection caused by a virus that infects the retina. The light-sensing nerve layer that forms the back of the eye is known as the retina. It is most common in people who have a compromised immune system. How Do You Know if...
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retinopathy of prematurity

What Is Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

The eye illness retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) affects some premature babies born before 31 weeks. A full-term pregnancy is between 38 and 42 weeks long. It is a condition that affects the retina, which is the tissue in the rear of the eye. The retina detects light and transmits information...
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what is juvenile macular dystrophy

What Is Juvenile Macular Dystrophy and How Does It Affect You?

Juvenile macular dystrophy (also known as juvenile macular degeneration) is a category of hereditary eye diseases that mostly affect children and young adults. Age-related macular degeneration is not the same as juvenile macular dystrophy (AMD). While AMD is a normal part of the aging process, juvenile macular dystrophy is an...
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what is corneal laceration

What Is Corneal Laceration?

The cornea is the eye’s clean front window. A cut on the cornea is known as a corneal laceration. It is usually caused by a sharp object that flies into the eye and scratches the cornea. Something striking the eye with significant force, such as a metallic hand tool, can...
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Hemangioma: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

A hemangioma is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor caused by irregular blood vessel formation. Hemangiomas can appear anywhere on the body, but the face and neck are the most common sites. Hemangiomas may be present at birth, but they are more common in the first six months of life. Hemangiomas are...
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Corneal Ulcer

Corneal Ulcer (Keratitis)

A corneal ulcer is a painful red eye accompanied by mild to heavy eye discharge and diminished vision. This is caused by an infection to the cornea with abscess. Corneal Ulcer Causes The common cause of corneal ulcers is bacterial infection that affects the cornea after an eye injury or...
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choroidal neovascular membranes

Choroidal Neovascular Membranes: What Are They?

A healthy, undamaged retina is essential for clear vision in the eye. Choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVM) are new blood vessels that form beneath the retina and cause damage. The choroid is where these blood vessels develop. They are able to get past the choroid-retina barrier. They cause visual loss when...
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What Is Trichiasis?

Trichiasis is a common problem with eyelids. Eyelashes curl inwards toward the pupil of the eye. The cornea, conjunctiva, and inner surface of the eyelids are all rubbed by the lashes. The eye is irritated as a result of this. What Causes It? There is no known cause for trichiasis....
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causes of red rings around the eyes

Causes of Red Rings Around the Eyes

Age, allergies, underlying illnesses, and other factors can cause red rings around the eyes. Sometimes, home cures are all that are needed to address the root of the problem. However, some people may also require medical attention at times. Most Prevalent Causes of Red Rings Around the Eyes 1. Contact...
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Yellow Eyes

What Causes Yellow Eyes?

The sclera of the eyes should always look white. If there is any change in color such as becoming red or yellow, it could be a sign of an underlying condition. Conjunctival or scleral icterus is a type of eye discoloration which turns the sclera to yellow. Yellow eyes are...
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macular telangiectasia

Macular Telangiectasia – Types, Risks, and Symptoms

Macular telangiectasia (MacTel) is a condition that affects the macula and causes central vision loss. When the tiny blood vessels around the fovea become clogged, MacTel grows. The fovea, located in the middle of the macula, provides us with our sharpest central vision for tasks such as reading. The cause...
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Swollen Eyelids

Swollen Eyelids? Causes and Treatments

A swollen eyelid happens when excess fluid (edema) builds up in the tissues around the eyes. This causes inflammation and makes the eyes look swollen. Swollen eyes affect both upper and lower eyelids with or without associated pain. From eye infections, injuries, trauma, or allergies, there are varying causes of...
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Chalazion Bump on Eyelid Causes & Treatment

Chalazion: Bump on Eyelid Causes & Treatment

A chalazion is a painless bump on the upper or lower eyelid. A chalazion results from healed internal styes that are no longer infectious. These cyst-like eyelid bumps develop around an oil gland in the eyelid that causes red and swollen eyelids. A chalazion consists of pus and blocked fatty...
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soothe eye allergies

How Can You Soothe Eye Allergies?

As the season changes, you may experience different health problems. When spring comes it gives you seasonal allergies that can give you congestion, headaches, itchy and swollen eyes. Eye allergies are also known to be allergic conjunctivitis which commonly occurs when the eye is exposed to a substance that irritates...
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Blocked Tear Duct

Blocked Tear Duct

A blocked tear duct prevents tears from draining normally which causes a watery and irritated eye. This condition is common in newborns and usually gets better without medical intervention. However, a blocked tear duct in adults is caused by injury, infection, or tumor. Fortunately, a blocked tear duct is almost...
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chronic angle closure glaucoma

Chronic Angle-Closure Glaucoma: What Is It?

Glaucoma is the most common cause of blindness in persons over the age of 60. Glaucoma-related blindness, can generally be prevented with the right and prompt treatment. Difference Between Acute and Chronic Angle-closure Glaucoma Angle-closure glaucoma Angle-closure glaucoma (also known as closed-angle glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma) develops when the iris...
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Tunnel Vision

Tunnel Vision: How It Feels to Lose Peripheral Vision

Tunnel vision means loss of peripheral vision. This means that you do not have a normal wide-angle field of vision despite the central vision being fine. Moderate to severe cases of peripheral vision problems may seem like looking through a narrow tube where its name “tunnel vision’ is derived from....
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eye diseases in children

Eye Diseases and Conditions in Children

Because a child’s vision is still developing, he or she is susceptible to eye disease. Vision can be harmed by untreated infections, refractive errors, and misaligned eyes. Healthy eyesight can be developed by detecting and correcting issues early on. To safeguard your child’s vision, learn about young eye disorders and...
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what is stargardt disease

What Is Stargardt Disease?

Stargardt disease is a vision loss condition that affects children and young adults. Juvenile macular dystrophy is another name for the inherited disorder called Stargardt disease. Photoreceptors, which are light-sensing cells in the macula, die in persons with Stargardt disease. Signs and Symptoms Children, teenagers, and young adults are the...
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what is charles bonnet syndrome

What is Charles Bonnet Syndrome?

When people lose some or all of their vision, they develop Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS). Visual hallucinations (seeing things that are not really there) are a result of it. What Causes It? Light enters the eye and is received by the retina in healthy eyesight (the light-sensitive tissue in the...
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What Does Red Spot on the Eye Mean?

You could be unaware until someone points out you have a red spot in the eye. Here is what it says about your health. It could be disturbing to see a red spot right on your eye. However, the good news is it’s rarely a medical emergency. The usual cause...
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myasthenia gravis

Myasthenia Gravis Explained

Myasthenia gravis is a muscular condition that causes muscle weakness and fatigue. Muscles that control eye and eyelid movement may be affected by this condition. This can result in drooping eyelids or double vision. Most persons with myasthenia gravis eye symptoms will acquire weakening in other areas within a year...
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juvenile idiopathic arthritis uveitis

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Uveitis

JIA (juvenile idiopathic arthritis) is a type of inflammatory arthritis that affects children under the age of sixteen. JIA is a type of autoimmune disorder. White blood cells damage the body’s healthy joints (the cells that normally fight disease) in JIA. The joints get inflamed as a result of this....
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Higher-Order Aberrations

Higher-Order Aberrations Explained

You may wonder what aberrations are and what it does to your eyes when your doctor says that you have it. Coma, trefoil, and spherical aberration are some of the unfamiliar names of higher-order aberrations. These can cause some struggles seeing during the night, blurring, or double vision. To some...
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aniridia eye condition

Aniridia: Eyes With No Iris

Many people wonder if it is possible to be born without iris. It is uncommon but it is possible, iris hypoplasia means people are born without the colored part of their eye or the iris. It occurs in 1 out of every 50,000 to 100,000 infants worldwide. Aniridia means eyes...
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herpes keratitis

Herpes Keratitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

The herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes herpes keratitis, a viral infection of the eye. The virus is divided into two types: Type 1: is the most common, infecting the face and causing the well-known “cold sore” or “fever blister.” Type 2: is a sexually transmitted herpes infection that affects the...
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ROSAH Syndrome

ROSAH Syndrome: New genetic mutation discovery that can send a whole family blind

Professor Robyn Jamieson, a scientist and head of the Eye Genetics Unit at Westmed in Australia, discovered a very rare syndrome caused by a strange genetic mutation that can make a whole family blind. The case of Beth White’s retinal disease in 2004 from Sydney has led Professor Jamieson into...
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closeup of inflammed eye

Behçet’s Disease: Blood Vessel Inflammation

Many people are not familiar with this type of disorder known as Behçet’s disease. Behçet’s disease is a rare disorder that results in damage to blood vessels which causes problems in part of the body including the eyes. The condition is usually long-term or chronic but there are times where...
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Optic Neuritis

Symptoms, Causes, Treatments of Optic Neuritis

There is a connection between the eye and brain which is the optic nerve, it processes and transmits the visual information. If inflammation occurs in the optic nerve it is called optic neuritis. During inflammation, it damages the protective sheath that surrounds the nerve or known as the myelin or...
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What Is Dacryocystitis?

Dacryocystitis is the medical term used for inflammation of lacrimal sac. The lubrication comes from the tears that is produced by lacrimal glands. Nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) is the main cause of dacryocystitis. There are two categories which are duration and onset. The duration can be acute or chronic. It...
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retinal artery occlusion

What Is a Retinal Artery Occlusion?

It is common for people to know that high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases have a risk to overall health. Some people are not aware of how high blood pressure can affect our eyesight. Vision can be affected if the damage reaches the arteries in the eye. A blockage in...
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white chicken skin-like bumps under the eyes

White Chicken Skin-like Bumps Under the Eyes

White lumps under the eyes are usually harmless and will disappear on their own. However, anyone who is concerned about their look or health should consult a physician. Although bumps and lumps under the eyes are common, they can raise concerns about cancer, a serious infection, or a condition that...
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Cat Eye Syndrome

Cat Eye Syndrome Explained

Cat eye syndrome affects several parts of the body which involves the heart, ears, kidneys, and eyes. This is caused by a genetic problem which is more specifically an abnormality in the chromosome. This syndrome causes a hole in the iris to appear and make a person’s eye look similar...
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childhood eye diseases

Different Childhood Eye Diseases and Conditions

Pediatricians, as well as eye doctors, emphasize the importance of vision screening. The vision of children is not yet fully developed. It is vulnerable to eye diseases because it is still developing. A healthy vision can develop if eye diseases and conditions are managed. If your child undergoes vision screening,...
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diagnosis and treatment of entropion

Diagnosis and Treatment of Entropion

Entropion is generally unavoidable. You might be able to avoid the type brought on by trachoma. If your eyes get red and itchy after visiting an area where trachoma infection is widespread, consult a doctor right once for an exam and treatment. Diagnosis of Entropion Entropion is commonly detected during...
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different types of eye infections

Different Types of Eye Infections

Bacteria, fungi, and viruses are harmful organisms that invade your eye resulting in an eye infection. It can be any part of the eyeball such as the cornea and conjunctiva. The symptoms of eye infections are the following: Redness of eye Pain Discharge in eye Watery eyes Dry eyes Sensitivity...
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dangers of having a pink eye

Dangers of Having a Pink Eye

Pink eye is also known as conjunctivitis which is caused by a virus or bacteria. The symptoms that can be present are itchy, red, watery eyes, and sometimes an eye discharge. Pink eyes are contagious for days to weeks after these symptoms occurred. When children are diagnosed with pink eyes,...
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