Normally, our eyesight deteriorates as we age especially if a person has other medical conditions. Luckily, there are a lot of natural ways to take care of your eyes and slow down the rate of deterioration.
1. Protect Your Eyes
Different activities require different eye protection. Here are different ways to protect your eyes:
- Sunglasses. These are not just for fashion. Sunglasses are necessary to protect your eyes from ultraviolet (UV) light coming from the sun. Excessive UV light exposure can increase the risks of cataracts, eye cancer, and pterygium – abnormal growths in the eyes.
- Safety Goggles. Especially in hazardous environments where eye injuries are prevalent, it is a must to wear safety glasses. Sports, woodwork, and other activities involving chemicals and debris can be damaging for the eye. Protective eyewear can help prevent any injury, damage, and irritation to the eyes.
2. Have Proper Rest
Eyestrain and overexposure to blue light are some of the most widespread causes of impaired vision. People who work straight hours on computers or mobile devices should strictly follow the 20-20-20 rule to avoid eye strain and fatigue that can affect vision.
3. Follow Good Hygiene Practices
Before touching your eyes or your contact lenses, never forget to wash your hands. Good hygiene prevents eye infections. Follow disinfecting protocols in your eyewear and other eye products.
When dealing with eye makeup, make sure to discard any product before its expiry date. Expired and contaminated eye products may lead to deadly infections. If you develop an eye infection, it is best to discard all open eye products to prevent the spread of infection.
4. Have Proper Nutrition
Vitamins A, C, and E all contribute to good eye health. These vitamins contain antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that can decrease the risk of age-related eye diseases like macular degeneration.
Eat a balanced diet. Fruits and vegetables like broccoli, oranges, carrots, papaya, sweet potato, almonds, and sunflower seeds are only some of the good sources of vitamins A, C, and E.
Consider quitting smoking too if you want to avoid several eye diseases. Studies show that smoking increases the risks of dry eyes, cataracts, uveitis, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration.
5. Know Your Family History
There are eye diseases that can be passed on genetically, such as optic neuropathies, myopia, and glaucoma. It is best to familiarize yourself with the eye health history of your family for proper precautions and monitoring with the help of your physician.
Experts also advise to monitor your blood sugar levels as a sudden increase in blood sugar can lead to temporary blurred vision. High levels of sugar in the blood can progressively damage retinal blood vessels which can become swollen, leaky, or blocked. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy which can lead to blindness if left untreated.
You should also manage any other health conditions like high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, heart disease, and high blood cholesterol that can contribute to vision problems.
Follow a regular eye examination schedule to properly diagnose and treat the early stages of any eye disease.