Many people who are in their 20s or 30s do not think about their eye health. At this age, you should be taking steps to preserve your vision. The majority of vision problems are preventable with simple good health habits. Even as we get older, vision loss is not inevitable. There have been studies that showed how a healthy diet with fruits and vegetables and exercise can protect you from blinding eye diseases such as glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration.
These are seven habits that should be included in your daily life to have a good vision in later life:
● Wearing sunglasses even when it is cloudy. The risk of developing eye diseases including cataracts, macular degeneration, growths on the eye, and a rare form of eye cancer is increased when there is long-term exposure to the sun without proper protection. Sunglasses are known to block 99 to 100% of UVA and UVB radiation.
● Performing regular physical activity can protect you from developing serious eye diseases such as glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration.
● Stop smoking. Smoking can increase the risk for eye disease and cardiovascular disease which can influence eye health indirectly.
● Wearing protective eyewear such as safety glasses or goggles can prevent work-related or sports-related eye injuries.
● Try using the 20-20-20 rule when you are working on your computer. Eye fatigue is common if you spend a lot of time at the computer.
● Proper care of contact lenses is important. Do not sleep, shower, swim with a contact lens on. It increases the risk for a potentially blinding eye infection.
● Talk to your family members about eye conditions. There are inherited eye diseases which means your risk should be evaluated by an ophthalmologist to detect any potential risks at an early stage.
The Harmful Effects of Smoking in Eye Health
Smoking is harmful in so many ways. It is best for you to avoid smoking. Smoking is not only dangerous to those who smoke but also to those exposed to second-hand smoke. Cigarette smoke is an eye irritant that can worsen dry eyes. The risk of developing age-related macular degeneration is increased with smoking as studies have shown. You can reduce the risk of developing AMD by avoiding smoking.
Importance of Regular Eye Exams
The choices you make for your health are important. Make sure to get regular eye exams which can help in catching problems before it is too late. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the recommended time of having comprehensive medical eye exams for adults under age 40 is every five to 10 years.