It is rare for a lump or a bump to form right on the eyeball itself. However, some injuries can cause bumps on the eyeball especially if it occurred under the eyelid.
Bumps on the eyeball could be alarming, but they are usually harmless and painless. Nonetheless, it is essential to seek medical care if any bump interferes with a person’s sight.
The primary cause for most bumps on the eye is irritation which may be caused by:
- fallen eyelashes
- excessive exposure to the sun
- allergic reactions
Types of Bumps on the Eyeball
Bumps on the eyeball can be differentiated by its shape and color.
- Pinguecula. These bumps are white or yellowish with an irregular shape. They are formed through fat or protein deposits on the eyeball which can be caused by dry eyes, dust, and UV rays from the sun. Surfers and people who are frequently exposed to windy or sandy climates are especially vulnerable.
- Pterygia. A pterygium usually begins as a pinguecula and becomes thicker over time. A pterygium is a yellow or pinkish triangle-shaped bump on the cornea that can interfere with vision.
- Scratched cornea. A scratch on the cornea can cause a part of the eyeball to swell in response to the injury. It may form a bump and become red and irritated.
Not all lumps in the eye require immediate treatment. Some lumps tend to go away by themselves or can be managed at home. Artificial tears or eye drops can help reduce symptoms of bumps on the eye. Staying away from dust, sun, and other irritants can also relieve any pain or inhibit the growth of the bump.
A person with a scratched cornea should stop wearing contacts or eye makeup and resist the urge to rub the eyes until the injury is fully healed. For infections, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics or eye drops with steroids to manage the pain.
If a bump causes eye pain or interferes with the normal eyesight, it is essential to seek prompt treatment to avoid the growth from getting worse. In some severe cases, surgery is the only option to remove the growth.
Proper eye care is key. Serious injuries can cause permanent damage to the eyes and may affect a person’s vision. After receiving treatment, it is best to follow the right prevention guidelines to protect the eyes and avoid the growth from recurring.